Responses to the problem of suffering have been various.
Believers in a millennium live with the hope that someday prophet or an Incarnation of God will be born and usher in a golden age of peace and happiness.
There are others who try to cope with the problems of life. Dangers and difficulties, uncertainties and changes, they say, are inevitable and nothing can be done about them; and so we must learn to live with them.
Transcendentalists try to withdraw from life and seek solace and serenity on the spiritual plane.
So-called pragmatists maintain that this life is the only life we have, and so we must enjoy it to the full. A bird in hand is worth two in the bush.
Progressivists believe that through the advancement of science and technology, someday all evils and ills will be eliminated, and then there will be only good.
Hardened materialists choose to fight the ills of life solely by material means.
People of faith consider life inherently corrupt and sinful and are of the opinion that any attempt to improve it is futile. They bear with life and practice virtues, hoping for compensation hereafter.
But none of the above solutions really helps us to face and overcome the problems of life.
… to be continued.
SWAMI ADISWARANANDA, in Meditation and Its Practices, Introduction, xi-xv